Andover History

Check out these excerpts from "The Andover Town Handbook," published by the Andover League of Woman Voters, 1994.
  1. Early History
  2. English Settlement
  3. Witchcraft
  4. The Two Parishes
  5. Revolutionary War
  6. Education
  7. Division of the Town
  8. Civil War
  9. Shawsheen Village Experiment
  10. People
  11. Recent History
Within the past several years archaeologists have uncovered evidence that primitive people who survived as hunters and gatherers lived in the Merrimack Valley area as early as 7000 B.C. When the first European settlers arrived, the Native Americans living where Andover is now located were probably part of the Pennacook Confederacy who spoke the Algonquian language. They lived in seasonal camps, planting corn and tobacco, and catching salmon and alewives. During 1615 and 1616, archaeologists believe a plague reduced the Native American population in eastern Massachusetts from 100,000 to about 5,000. This may be why the early European settlers reported that they met little resistance when they settled into the Merrimack Valley.